Wimbledon: date, place, state, history

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Wimbledon is one of four Grand Slam tennis tournaments. © IMAGO

Wimbledon is the only major tournament in the world played on grass. Record winners are Roger Federer and Martina Navrátilová.

Munich – The 2020 tournament was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The 134th edition took place from June 28 to July 11, 2021. This year, the season’s third Grand Slam tournament will take place from June 27 to July 10, 2022. Sunday, July 3 will not only be a fixed part of the tournament schedule for the first time this year, but will also be the focus of Center Court’s 100th anniversary celebration, with a special moment planned between the second and third match.

It will also be a day for the local community – where tickets will be distributed to residents, schools, charities and local groups. For the first time in the long history of the most famous tennis tournament in the world, Russian and Belarusian players will be excluded from the tournament this year due to the Ukraine war.

Wimbledon statistics and facts

  • Edition: 135. Wimbledon Championships
  • Date: June 27 – July 10
  • Venue: Church Rd, London SW19 5AG, UK
  • President of the entire England club: Ian Hewitt
  • Surface: lawn
  • Defending champion (men’s singles): Novak Djokovic (SRB)
  • Defense Champion (Women’s Singles): Ashleigh Barty (AUS)
  • Defending champions (men’s doubles): Nikola Mektić (CRO) / Mate Mate Pavić (CRO)
  • Defending champions (women’s doubles): Hsieh Su-wei (TPE) / Elise Martens (BEL)
  • Defending Champion (mixed): Neal Skupski (GBR) / Desirae Krawczyk (USA)
  • Website: www.wimbledon.com

Wimbledon – the schedule for 2022

  • 27/06/2022 – 28/06/2022: 1st round men’s and women’s singles
  • 29/06/2022 – 30/06/2022: 2nd round men’s and women’s singles
  • 07/01/2022 – 07/02/2022: 3rd round men’s and women’s singles
  • 07/03/2022 – 07/04/2022: 16th round for men and women
  • 07/05/2022 – 07/06/2022: Quarterfinals men’s singles and women’s singles
  • July 7, 2022: Women’s singles semifinals
  • 08.07.2022: Men’s singles semifinals
  • July 9, 2022: Women’s Singles Final
  • 07/09/2022: Final men’s and women doubles
  • 07/10/2022: Final Mixed
  • July 10, 2022: Men’s Singles Final

This (scheduled) schedule may change at short notice.

Wimbledon – the condition

128 athletes compete in the first main round of Wimbledon individual competitions. In doubles, there are 64 teams competing for the trophies. “Best of Five” is played, that is, three winning sets.

A change in the state of play for all Grand Slam tournaments will be used for the first time at this year’s French Open: The organizers of the Australian Open in Melbourne, Roland Garros in Paris, Wimbledon in London and the US Open in New York have agreed on a uniform tiebreak rule agreed. For a while, another rule has been applicable to all events in the decisive set. From now on, the tie-break is played to ten points with a difference of two points. This innovation applies to all single and double competitions as well as junior and wheelchair competitions.

Wimbledon – the story of this year’s third Grand Slam tournament

For many tennis fans, the Church Road Tournament is the most traditional and famous tennis tournament in the world. The first Lawn Tennis Championships began on July 9, 1877 on a plot on Worple Road in Wimbledon and were hosted by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. From today’s perspective, the reason for this was rather strange: 10 pounds had to be financed for a lawn roller that needed to be replaced. So the idea was born to hold a tournament and charge admission from the spectators. What followed fills several pages of history books:

  • In the beginning, Wimbledon was a pure men’s game, only in 1884 were the competitions for women’s singles and men’s doubles introduced.
  • Ladies’ doubles and mixed doubles were included in the 1913 tournament program.
  • In 1922, a new tennis complex was inaugurated on Church Road, and the 15,000-seat stadium became the ‘Mecca of tennis’.
  • In 1937, the championships were televised for the first time.
  • For the first time since World War II, a tennis tournament was canceled in 2020 as a result of the COVID 19 pandemic.
  • The rule of “toys predominantly white” was introduced in 1963, before the rule of “almost completely white” was introduced in 1995.
  • Another tradition is that the audience traditionally eats strawberries with cream.
  • However, it is also a tradition that the first Sunday of the tournament is free of games, ie a day of rest.
  • The opening match takes place at Center Court and is reserved for the defending men’s singles champion.
  • George V was the first member of the British royal family to visit Wimbledon in 1907. Then in 1922 a royal box with 74 seats was established, reserved for members of the royal family, politicians, athletes and other invited celebrities.
  • Since 1969 has Duke of Kent to the All England Tennis Club – in 2021, Queen Elizabeth II’s cousin resigned after the Church Road Championships.
  • Until a rule change in 2003, players were expected to show polite respect to members of the royal family at the awards ceremony with a curtsy (women) or a bow (men).

Wimbledon – several winners in men’s singles

  • Roger Federer (SUI), 8 titles: 2003–2007, 2009, 2012, 2017
  • Pete Sampras (USA), 7 titles: 1993-1995, 1997-2000
  • Novak Djokovic (SRB), 6 titles: 2011, 2014, 2015, 2018, 2019, 2021
  • Bjørn Borg (SWE), 5 titles: 1976–1980
  • Boris Becker (GER), 3 titles: 1985, 1986, 1989
  • John McEnroe (USA), 3 titles: 1981, 1983, 1984
  • Jimmy Connors (USA), 2 titles: 1974, 1982
  • Stefan Edberg (SWE), 2 titles: 1988, 1990
  • Rod Laver (AUS), 2 titles: 1968, 1969
  • Andy Murray (GBR), 2 titles: 2013, 2016
  • Rafael Nadal (ESP), 2 titles: 2008, 2010
  • John Newcombe (AUS), 2 titles: 1970, 1971

Wimbledon – several winners in women’s singles

  • Martina Navrátilová (USA), 9 titles: 1978, 1979, 1982–1987, 1990
  • Steffi Graf (GER), 7 titles: 1988, 1989, 1991-1993, 1995, 1996
  • Serena Williams (USA), 7 titles: 2002, 2003, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016
  • Venus Williams (USA), 5 titles: 2000, 2001, 2005, 2007, 2008
  • Billie Jean King (USA), 4 titles: 1968, 1972, 1973, 1975
  • Chris Evert (USA), 3 titles: 1974, 1976, 1981
  • Evonne Goolagong Cawley (AUS), 2 titles: 1971, 1980
  • Petra Kvitová (CZE), 2 titles: 2011, 2014

Wimbledon – the trophy in the men’s singles competition

Photographers insist on this year after year: Because the winner’s kiss on one of the most famous trophies in tennis history is already legendary. The silver cup with handle has been awarded to the male winners in singles since 1877 at the original venue for the oldest tennis competition on the grass court. In its current form, the trophy is 47 centimeters high and has a diameter of 19 centimeters. The two large handles are decorated at the bottom with heads wearing winged helmets as a symbol of victory. The trophy is engraved with the words “The All England Lawn Tennis Club Single Handed Champion of the World”.

For reasons of space, the names of the winners have been engraved on the base since 2009. After William Renshaw won Wimbledon for the sixth time in a row in 1886, he was allowed to keep the current trophy, then called the Field Cup and Challenge Cup, for the second time. So the All England Club had to find a replacement and decided that the trophy would stay with the club in the future, even if one player won the title three times. Why a pineapple is adorned on the lid of the Wimbledon Trophy as a special feature has never really been explained to this day: One theory says that pineapple used to be a precious rarity and a sign of high social status. Another theory has to do with a tradition of British naval captains sticking a pineapple on their goalposts when they return home from a voyage.

Wimbledon – the trophy in the women’s singles competition

The women’s winning dish, a tray in sterling silver with a diameter of 48 centimeters, bears the name “Venus Rosewater Dish” and was made in 1864 by a silversmith in Birmingham – for 50 guineas (today equivalent to 6325 euros). A rosewater bowl is a shallow dish used by the high society to wash their hands with rosewater after eating.

The trophy, based on a tin plate from the Louvre in Paris, was first presented to a Wimbledon champion in 1886. The bowl is decorated with figures from mythology. In the center is the Roman goddess Venus. The names of the winners from 1884 to 1957 are engraved on the inside of the bowl. The names of Wimbledon champions since 1958 are on the outside.

Wimbledon – what not everyone knows

  • The Pole Roman Zoltowski was responsible for the engraving of all Wimbledon trophies for 35 years. He drove 18 hours from his hometown of Poznan to London because he was not allowed to take his tools on the plane. Engraving the new winner names will take approximately 18 minutes.
  • After the Englishman Fred Perry, who emerged victorious from the men’s competition in 1934, 1935 and 1936, it took 77 years before a British player, Scotland’s Andy Murray, could again win men’s singles at Wimbledon in 2013.
  • In a normal year, there are a total of around 1000 applicants who would like to work as ball boys and girls at the championships. Approximately 170 will be selected from approximately 750 applicants from 9th and 10th grade and approximately 80 will be selected from approximately 250 ball boys / girls from previous classes.
  • John Isner (214) had the most aces of any player in 2018. For women, it was Serena Williams in 2012 with 102.

    In 2010, John Isner and Nicolas Mahut played the longest tennis match in history: The game lasted eleven hours and five minutes – spread over three days.

    An overview of the amount of food and beverages served at the championships: 18,061 servings of fish and chips, 6,147 servings of pasta for competitors, 4,242 servings of sushi for competitors, 276,291 glasses of Pimm’s, 64,703 servings of 1 serving, 901, 9 servings. of strawberries, 234,416 meals served during the championships

  • At 9 a.m. during the tournament, a hawk named Rufus flies across the courts for over an hour before the gates open to ward off the pigeons that could distract the players.

    Wimbledon Stadium including the Center Court was built in the 1930s for 14,000 spectators. In 2008 it was renovated and has since had a capacity of 15,000 spectators. There has also been a closable roof since 2009. Several matches will be played on track No. 1, which seats about 11,000 spectators. Court No. 3 is also called “The Graveyard” due to many defeats to favorites.

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