Tennis: Terms and Conditions. A to Z – Everything you need to know – Sportsmix

During the Grand Slams, millions of fans are drawn back to the TVs. But even small tournaments always attract many spectators. BILD explains the most important terms and conditions.

The goal of tennis is to hit the ball (6.35 to 6.67 cm in size and 56.7 to 58.5 g in weight) into the opponent’s court. If the ball lands directly off the field, the opponent gets a point.

A tennis match called goes over at least two sets. If a player has won six games and at the same time two games more than the opponent, the set is considered won. But: If the score is 6: 5, the game continues until the leading player is two sets ahead.



▶ ︎ass

Direct points with a serve that can not be touched by the opponent. If the opponent touches the ball without returning it, this point increase is called a “service winner”.

▶ ︎ Out

The ball has hit the ground on the playing field or a permanent structure outside the playing field without first having jumped. The referee extends his arm at shoulder height to the side in the direction in which the ball went out. The palm is facing the judge, the fingers are extended and closed. If the line judge is sitting on the same side as the judge, the arm points forward.

▶ ︎ Advantage

English term for advantage. Advantage refers to the advantage in a game after a previous draw (40:40). The serve with advantage is always performed from the left. The left half of the game is therefore also called the advantage side. So either “debut” or “play” again.

▶ ︎ netrulle

Ball that touches the edge of the net and jumps into the opponent’s field with a deviating trajectory.

▶ ︎ Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP)

The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) is the association of professional male tennis players, it is the counterpart to the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).

▶ ︎ Best of five

English term for a match with three winning sets. If both players have already won two sets, the decision to win the match falls in the fifth and final set. Over five winning sets are played in the men’s Davis Cup, in the Grand Slam tournaments and in the ten finals of the Masters series.

▶ ︎ Break

When a player can win the service game for an opponent whose serve breaks, this is called a ‘break’. The pause has a predetermined meaning, as a server can usually win its game.

▶ ︎ Center right

Main court in a tennis court. Usually the place where the final takes place or where there can be the most spectators.

▶ ︎ Code of Conduct

A catalog of comprehensive etiquette codes created by the International Tennis Federation, the ATP Tour and the WTA Tour for behavior on and off the court.

▶ ︎ Golden Slams

Wins at the four Grand Slam tournaments in Melbourne, Paris, Wimbledon, New York and at the Olympic Games within a calendar year. So far, only German tennis legend Steffi Graf has managed to do this in 1988.

▶ ︎ Grand Slam Tournaments

The four most important tournaments in the world: the Australian Open in Melbourne, the French Open in Paris, Wimbledon in London, the US Open in Flushing Meadows / New York.

▶ ︎ Line Judge

Line judges are used in major tournaments to assist the chair referee (on the sideline, center line, baseline and service line). They need to quickly recognize if a ball is in the field or off the court.

▶ ︎ match ball

The point before the victory. Therefore, the match point is usually referred to internationally as a “match point”. The “dead ball” indicates the point before winning a set, which does not mean the overall victory.

▶ ︎ Mixed

Mixdouble with one woman and one man per. team. The game is played according to the double rules of the game.

Why are 15, 30, 40 counted?

A player’s first points win is counted as 15, second as 30 and third as 40. However, it is not yet clear where the numbering comes from. There are two theories about this.

Variant 1: The count goes back to money bets and gambling bets in 14th century France. Therefore, at that time, a gross denier (value: 15 denier) was used. In a set that at the time often consisted of four games, 15 “deniers” were wagered 4 times: 15, 30, 45 and 60.

Variant 2: each time a player scored a point in the jeu de paume, he moved a streak further until he was in the middle of the field. The game started at the 0 inch line. Then, if a player won a point, he would go on to the 15 “line, then to the 30” line and then on to the 45 “line. Only then did he win the match. When this line turned out to be too close net, the last indication was returned to a 40 inch line.

Why does the judge say “Love” for zero. Again, there are two theories.

Variant 1: Love

The term is said to come from the phrase “to do something for love”. So you’ve done all the work of assembling for nothing, you’re still at zero points.

Variant 2: The egg!

It is believed that the term “Love” is used because it sounds like the French word “L’œuf”, which translates to “egg”, which in turn is very close to the number “0”.

On the other hand, one thing is clear: Wimbledon, the so-called “Lawn Tennis Championships”, is the oldest tournament in the world and was first held in 1877. In 1894, women were also allowed to start. There has been a royal lodge since 1922.

To this day, the dress code is extremely strict. 90 percent of the player clothing must be white. The blades of grass must not be longer than eight millimeters. Not to forget: the legendary strawberries, which have been sold since 1893. The red Wimbledon fruit is still standardized today and should weigh between twelve and 13 grams.

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